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Symbols Archive
A collection of Symbols archived for your reference
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26th-Aug-2005 02:13 pm - Rune Comparisons
The following table compares similar looking runes from each runic alphabet. Just place the mouse over an image and it's name will appear as a "tool tip". Select the image by double clicking and you will be taken to the reference text for that image. Note that the comparison is based on shape, not meaning or name.

Elder Futhark

Gothic

Younger Futhark

Armanen

Anglo-Saxon

Medieval

ansuz

ansus

oss

fa

ac

fehu

faihu

fe

os

os

gebo

giba

hagall

hagal

ior

wendhorn

kenaz

kumsa

kenaz (alt)

raido

raida

raeidh

rit

thuraisaz

thauris

uruz

urus

ur

ur

ul

wunjo

winja

thurs

dorn

eihwaz

aihs

elhaz

algs

madhr

man

hagalaz

hagl

isa

eis

is

is

sol

jera

jer

isa (alt)

eh

naudhiz

nauths

naudhr

not

wolfsangel

perdhro

paithra

gibor

sowulo

saugil

sol

sig

ziu

berkana

bairkana

bjarkan

bar

dagaz

dags

wan

ehwaz

egeis

stan

inguz

iggws

gar

laguz

lagus

logr

laf

cweorth

mannaz

mannaz

kaun

ka

yr

othala

othal

ar

erda

teiwaz

teiwz

tyr

tyr

war

yr

yr

calc

fyruedal

26th-Aug-2005 02:10 pm - Younger Futhark Runes

The Younger Futhark is a later development of the Elder Futhark, due to linguistic development. The original 24 have been reduced to 16 and the letters have been simplified. The following table lists the name and meanings of each rune:

y_ar.gif
Ar
A good year; the rune of return. Bumper results if applied effort has been made.
y_bjarkan.gif
Bjarkan
Purification; fertility; birth; rebirth.
y_fe.gif
Fé
Cattle and money; gold. Potential for division over wealth.
y_hagall.gif
Hagall
Hail. Rapid transformation from static to fluid.
y_is.gif
Is
Ice; the principle of concentration; static, unchanging.
y_kaun.gif
Kaun
Illness; illumination.
y_logr.gif
Logr
The power of water; energy of flow, of life, or the body. Purification, cleansing.
y_madhr.gif
Madhr
Generality of human kind; continuity of the family.
y_naudhr.gif
Naudhr
Need, distress. Bondage and captivity.
y_oss.gif
Oss
A god; mouth. The commanding force of word or song.
y_raeidh.gif
Raeidh
The process or means of riding. Horse, vehicle, road. A physical or spiritual journey. The clap of thunder.
y_sol.gif
Sol
Directed action under spiritual control.
y_thurs.gif
Thurs
A giant. Overcoming resistance; combinations.
y_tyr.gif
Tyr
Law and Order; the natural balance of things.
y_ur.gif
Ur
Drizzle, slurry, growth from nothing. Something being created.
y_yr.gif
Yr
Perfect combination of skills and knowledge. Death. Decisions or divination.
26th-Aug-2005 02:07 pm - Gothic / Medieval Runes

Gothic

This runic alphabet was used by the peoples who originally came from Northern Europe -- the Goths. The script is very close to the Elder Futhark, though the meanings are slightly different. They were mostly used for religious inscription.

    First Aett

g1_ansus.gif
Ansus
Divine power of creation.
g1_faihu.gif
Faihu
The generative principle. Accumulation of power or abundance.
g1_giba.gif
Giba
A gift; the act of giving; the bond between giver and receiver.
g1_kumsa.gif
Kumsa / Chosma
Illumination; knowledge; insight; wisdom. The borderline between madness and genius.
g1_raida.gif
Raida
Fertility of creation.
g1_thauris.gif
Thauris
Cosmic power. The Matrix. Resistance to chaos.
g1_urus.gif
Urus/Uruz
Primal strength use for creation. Persistence.
g1_winja.gif
Winja
Joy.

    Second Aett

g2_aihs.gif
Aihs
The staff of life and death. Sacrifice.
g2_algs.gif
Algs / Ezec
The human connection with the divine.
g2_eis.gif
Eis
Unchanging existence; the eternal present.
g2_hagl.gif
Hagl
Rapid and complete transformation from one state to the next.
g2_jer.gif
Jer / Gaar
Year; season. Completion at the proper time.
g2_nauths.gif
Nauths
Need; necessity. Absence or scarcity.
g2_paithra.gif
Paithra
The power of nature to bring completion to a process.
g2_saugil.gif
Saugil
Ascendancy of the light over darkness.

Third Aett

g3_bairkana.gif
Bairkana
Birth, regeneration, the power of woman.
g3_dags.gif
Dags
Protection of entrances. The archetype of wholeness.
g3_egeis.gif
Egeis / Eyz
Horse. Divination. The substance of the universe.
g3_iggws.gif
Iggws
Generative power. Potentials.
g3_lagus.gif
Lagus
Fluidity and the power of growth.
g3_mannaz.gif
Mannaz
Cooperation; support; social abilities.
g3_othal.gif
Othal
Riches. Inherited possessions. Intellectual property.
g3_quairtra.gif
Quairtra
Cleansing; completion; transmutation.
g3_teiwz.gif
Teiwz
Earthly power; victory. Achievement attained through male power.

Medieval Runes of Magic and Healing

These were used in the Middle Ages and are mostly Germanic and Dutch in origin. Such runes were used protection and healing, but not rune-casting.

m_erda.gif
Erda
Mother Earth. Reintegration.
m_fyruedal.gif
Fyruedal
Motivation.
m_sol.gif
Sol
Pleasantness, healing.
m_ul.gif
Ul
Turning point. Reviving former powers.
m_wan.gif
Wan
Emptiness.
m_wendhorn.gif
Wendhorn
Changes; cycles of change.
m_wolfsangel.gif
Wolfsangel
Binding or channeling of magical energy.
m_ziu.gif
Ziu
Breaking through resistance.
26th-Aug-2005 02:01 pm - Elder Futhark Runes

This is the oldest runic alphabet from Europe, and is also called the Common Germanic Futhark. Each rune represented a sound, but also had an extra meaning. Please note that these are not listed in their traditional order, but by name within each group, or Aett of runes.

    First Aett

e1_ansuz.gif
Ansuz
Divine force. The divine within humans. Consciousness, intelligence.
e1_fehu.gif
Fehu
Beginnings. Movable wealth. Prosperity.
e1_gebo.gif
Gebo
Connections, partnerships, social relationships.
e1_kenaz.gif
Kenaz
Fire. Inner light. Teaching and learning.

e1_raido.gif
Raido
The wheel. Vehicle, motion, the road and travel upon it.
e1_thuraisaz.gif
Thuraisaz
Resistance; passive opposition.
e1_uruz.gif
Uruz
The Ox. Untamed power; the boundless power of the universe.
e1_wunjo.gif
Wunjo
Joy, harmony, internal balance.

    Second Aett

e2_eihwaz.gif
Eihwaz
Death and regeneration.
e2_elhaz.gif
Elhaz
Protection. Defensive power.
e2_hagalaz.gif
Hagalaz
Transformation. The unconscious mind, processes of thought.
e2_isa.gif
Isa
Ice. Static existence. The present time.
e2_jera.gif
Jera
Year or season. Completion at the proper time. Natural cycles.

e2_naudhiz.gif
Naudhiz
Need; scarcity; absence. Help; assistance.
e2_perdhro.gif
Perdhro
Chance. The interaction between ourselves and our environment. Memory, recollection.
e2_sowulo.gif
Sowulo
Energy; illumination. Vitality. Power directed and focused.

    Third Aett

e3_berkana.gif
Berkana
Regeneration; new beginnings. Birth.
e3_dagaz.gif
Dagaz
The light of day. Balance between opposites. Dawn. Protection.
e3_ehwaz.gif
Ehwaz
Travel, transport. Movement towards a goal.
e3_inguz.gif
Inguz
Light. Energy, potential, deferred. Bringing together separate things.
e3_mannaz.gif
Mannaz
Human qualities. Social order.
e3_othala.gif
Othala
Home or family land. The state of things, natural law.
e3_teiwaz.gif
Teiwaz
Positive regulation. Sacrifice. Ordered movement or progress.
Laguz
Fluidity. The law of unity. Growth, cycles.
26th-Aug-2005 01:56 pm - Armanen Runes

Guido List (1848-1919) was a mystic who, apart from inspiring the national Socialists with his ideas about Ayrans, invented the following set of runes, as based on ancient Scandinavian ones. He wrote a book "Secret of the Runes" which was highly influential in Germany, leading the National Socialists to adopt the Swastika (a version of Gibor) as their emblem, and also to use Sig and Man.

r_ar.gif
Ar
Nobility and leadership. Beauty, wisdom, fame, virtue.
r_bar.gif
Bar
Birth. Predestination. The power of becoming; the power of song.
r_dorn.gif
Dorn
Lightening and Thunder. Activity, goals, the phallus.
r_eh.gif
Eh
Love, marriage, trust. Duality and binding.
r_fa.gif
Fa
Primal fire. Creative power of the spirit.
r_gibor.gif
Gibor
The giver of life. The divine principle; the cosmic consciousness. The giver and the gift.
r_hagal.gif
Hagal
Order, origin. The primal seed.
r_is.gif
Is
The ego. Obedience. Personal power. Control.
r_ka.gif
Ka
The World Tree. Artfulness, power, generation, general ability.
r_laf.gif
Laf
Primal law. Life, water.
r_man.gif
Man
Man, maleness, increase. A birth.
r_not.gif
Not
Necessity of fate. Karma.
r_os.gif
Os
The power to rise up. Spiritual power working through speech. Breaking through boundaries.
r_rit.gif
Rit
Ritual. Primal laws. Correctness; orderliness.
r_sig.gif
Sig
Victory, success. The conquering energy of the creative spirit.
r_tyr.gif
Tyr
Turnabout. Concealment; invisibility. Generative power, wisdom.
r_ur.gif
Ur
Eternity, continuity, resurrection. Primal soul.
r_yr.gif
Yr
Anger, error, falsehood. Femaleness, instinct, night, death.
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